Other Names for Celiac Disease
Other names for this condition include:
- Celiac sprue
- Nontropical sprue
- Gluten-sensitive enteropathy
- Gluten-induced enteropathy.
Celiac disease is also referred to as a type of gluten intolerance disease (along with dermatitis herpetiformis).
Key points about this condition include the following:
- People with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a protein in wheat, rye, and barley.
- Celiac disease damages the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption.
- A person with celiac disease may or may not have symptoms. There are many possible symptoms, including diarrhea, abdominal pain (or stomach pain), and depression.
- Diagnosis of the disease involves blood tests and a biopsy of the small intestine.
- Since celiac disease is hereditary, family members of a person with the disease may wish to be tested.
- Celiac disease is treated by eliminating all gluten from the diet. A person with celiac disease must remain on this diet throughout his or her life.
- Without treatment, people with celiac disease can develop complications like cancer, osteoporosis, and anemia.
- A dietitian can teach a person with celiac disease proper food selection, label reading, and other strategies to help manage the disease.