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Celiac Disease

Other Names for Celiac Disease

Other names for this condition include:
 
  • Celiac sprue
  • Nontropical sprue
  • Gluten-sensitive enteropathy
  • Gluten-induced enteropathy.
 
Celiac disease is also referred to as a type of gluten intolerance disease (along with dermatitis herpetiformis).
 

Summary

Key points about this condition include the following:
 
  • People with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a protein in wheat, rye, and barley.
     
  • Celiac disease damages the small intestine and interferes with nutrient absorption.
     
  • A person with celiac disease may or may not have symptoms. There are many possible symptoms, including diarrhea, abdominal pain (or stomach pain), and depression.
     
  • Diagnosis of the disease involves blood tests and a biopsy of the small intestine.
     
  • Since celiac disease is hereditary, family members of a person with the disease may wish to be tested.
     
  • Celiac disease is treated by eliminating all gluten from the diet. A person with celiac disease must remain on this diet throughout his or her life.
 
  • Without treatment, people with celiac disease can develop complications like cancer, osteoporosis, and anemia.
 
  • A dietitian can teach a person with celiac disease proper food selection, label reading, and other strategies to help manage the disease.
     

Information on Celiac Disease

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