Symptoms of Celiac Disease
Lymphoma and Adenocarcinoma
People with celiac disease are at increased risk for both non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and cancer of the intestines (adenocarcinoma). Most often, the cancer is in the small intestine but there is some evidence of an increased risk for colon cancer or rectal cancer (known collectively as colorectal cancer).
Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become weak, brittle, and prone to breaking. Poor calcium absorption contributes to osteoporosis (see Celiac Disease and Osteoporosis). People with celiac disease are also at increased risk for osteopenia.
Miscarriage or Birth Defects
Miscarriage and birth defects, such as neural tube defects, are risks for pregnant women with untreated celiac disease because of nutrient absorption problems.
Short stature refers to being significantly under the average height. Short stature results when childhood celiac disease prevents nutrient absorption during the years when nutrition is critical to a child's normal growth and development. Children who are diagnosed and treated before their growth stops may have a catch-up period.
Other Autoimmune Diseases
People with celiac disease are at an increased risk for developing other autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases occur when the body's own immune system attacks certain parts of the body. Some of these autoimmune diseases include:
- Addison's disease
- Type 1 diabetes
- Myasthenia gravis
- Thyroid disease, such as Grave's disease and Hashimoto's disease
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (also known as lupus, or SLE for short)
- Sjogren's syndrome.